Visualised: Borrowing or surplus of every country as % of GDP

Here is the borrowing or surplus of every country as % of GDP for 2017 (source: International Monetary Fund),

Government budget surplus or borrowing as % of GDP
Source: International Monetary Fund

Note: We have excluded the performance of Venezuela and Libya on the map because they are major outliers. They are included in the data set below.

30 out of the 193 countries that report data to the IMF reported a surplus.

Here is the data set (positive values indicate a surplus and negative values indicate borrowing); G20 countries are highlighted in bold,

(Country, Surplus/Borrowing as % of GDP)
Micronesia 8.68%
Macao SAR 7.61%
Nauru 7.12%
South Sudan 5.75%
Norway 4.49%
Hong Kong SAR 2.19%
Grenada 2.15%
Tuvalu 2.08%
Chad 1.7%
Singapore 1.68%
Timor-Leste 1.57%
Kuwait 1.5%
Marshall Islands 1.36%
South Korea 1.21%
Sweden 1.01%
Cyprus 0.87%
Iceland 0.85%
Germany 0.69%
Seychelles 0.66%
Netherlands 0.65%
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.61%
Uzbekistan 0.58%
Malta 0.53%
Czech Republic 0.51%
Afghanistan 0.43%
New Zealand 0.35%
Luxembourg 0.34%
Belize 0.14%
Lithuania 0.05%
Estonia 0.01%
Botswana -0.05%
Switzerland -0.08%
Democratic Republic of the Congo -0.28%
Central African Republic -0.29%
San Marino -0.3%
Azerbaijan -0.32%
Jamaica -0.36%
Bosnia and Herzegovina -0.39%
Bulgaria -0.41%
Guinea -0.47%
Ireland -0.55%
Honduras -0.62%
Mauritania -0.65%
St. Kitts and Nevis -0.72%
Latvia -0.75%
Slovenia -0.85%
Austria -0.89%
Serbia -0.96%
Philippines -0.98%
Qatar -1.04%
Turkmenistan -1.08%
Slovak Republic -1.19%
Tonga -1.21%
Albania -1.23%
Georgia -1.25%
Croatia -1.3%
Haiti -1.35%
Mexico -1.4%
Paraguay -1.42%
Thailand -1.45%
Portugal -1.46%
Guatemala -1.49%
Denmark -1.5%
St. Lucia -1.53%
Finland -1.54%
Djibouti -1.56%
Panama -1.67%
Greece -1.72%
Antigua and Barbuda -1.73%
Nicaragua -1.77%
Republic of Congo -1.78%
Belgium -1.8%
Taiwan Province of China -1.81%
Guinea-Bissau -1.87%
Samoa -1.87%
Rwanda -1.92%
São Tomé and Príncipe -2.05%
Puerto Rico -2.07%
Palau -2.08%
Russia -2.12%
Barbados -2.14%
Islamic Republic of Iran -2.16%
Canada -2.17%
Australia -2.2%
Italy -2.23%
Sudan -2.4%
Ethiopia -2.42%
Jordan -2.49%
The Gambia -2.55%
Hungary -2.59%
Nepal -2.59%
Indonesia -2.67%
Poland -2.73%
Peru -2.86%
Ukraine -2.86%
United Kingdom -2.88%
El Salvador -2.92%
Kyrgyz Republic -2.98%
Romania -3%
Malaysia -3%
Uruguay -3.02%
France -3.04%
Chile -3.07%
Moldova -3.16%
Spain -3.18%
Israel -3.21%
Turkey -3.21%
Colombia -3.23%
Algeria -3.23%
Uganda -3.24%
Armenia -3.26%
Kosovo -3.35%
Mauritius -3.42%
Tanzania -3.42%
Mali -3.47%
FYR Macedonia -3.47%
Morocco -3.54%
Cameroon -3.56%
Fiji -3.56%
Dominican Republic -3.59%
Gabon -3.64%
United Arab Emirates -3.68%
Senegal -3.68%
Cambodia -3.68%
China -3.74%
Dominica -3.88%
Cabo Verde -3.97%
Japan -4.14%
Solomon Islands -4.25%
United States -4.34%
Bhutan -4.41%
Myanmar -4.44%
Papua New Guinea -4.45%
South Africa -4.45%
Lesotho -4.46%
Ghana -4.48%
Bangladesh -4.49%
Comoros -4.51%
Côte d’Ivoire -4.53%
Togo -4.62%
Namibia -4.85%
Nigeria -4.98%
Guyana -5.06%
Iraq -5.1%
Madagascar -5.14%
Zimbabwe -5.15%
Lao P.D.R. -5.19%
Sri Lanka -5.24%
Malawi -5.25%
Burkina Faso -5.48%
Belarus -5.64%
Pakistan -5.67%
The Bahamas -5.7%
Vietnam -5.8%
Ecuador -5.83%
Sierra Leone -5.86%
Tunisia -5.86%
Benin -6.07%
Costa Rica -6.19%
Suriname -6.33%
India -6.36%
Montenegro -6.45%
Tajikistan -6.52%
Kazakhstan -6.55%
Bolivia -6.59%
Equatorial Guinea -6.64%
Argentina -6.64%
Angola -6.79%
Mozambique -7.35%
Niger -7.54%
Kiribati -7.58%
Liberia -7.85%
Zambia -7.97%
Maldives -8.03%
Swaziland -8.2%
Kenya -8.35%
Burundi -8.49%
Saudi Arabia -8.6%
Mongolia -8.66%
Brazil -9.16%
Egypt -9.54%
Lebanon -9.89%
Yemen -9.94%
Trinidad and Tobago -12.95%
Oman -13%
Bahrain -13.19%
Vanuatu -13.67%
Eritrea -13.77%
Brunei Darussalam -14.33%
Venezuela -18.47%
Libya -42.96%

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